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World Congress on Engineering and Technology; Innovation and its Sustainability

November 28–30, 2018 | Manila, Philippines

The Quiapo Church

Allan Jay Quesada- Quiapo Church DSC 0065 The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene or Quiapo Church, Manila

By Allan Jay Quesada [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

Quiapo Church is a 1933 replacement of an older structure destroyed by fire. One of Manila’s best-known landmarks, Quiapo is the home of the Black Nazarene, an image of Christ believed to be miraculous. The life-size statue, carved from ebony, was first brought to Quiapo in 1767. Twice a year the greatly revered image is carried on the shoulders of thousands of frenzied devotees in one of Manila’s biggest religious festivals, the Black Nazarene Procession.

National Museum of the Filipino People

Image by (WT-shared) Shoestring from Wikimedia Commons

Within a resplendent neoclassical building, this superb museum houses a vast and varied collection, including the skullcap of the Philippines’ earliest known inhabitant, Tabon Man (said by some to actually be a woman), who lived around 24,000 BC. A large section of the museum is devoted to the wreck of the San Diego, a Spanish galleon that sank off the coast of Luzon in 1600, with salvaged items such as shell-encrusted swords, coins, porcelain plates, jewellery etc on display.

Rizal Park 

Rizal Monument at Rizal Park

By Maynard Rabanal [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

Manila’s iconic Rizal Park is spread out over some 60 hectares of open lawns, ornamental gardens, ponds, paved walks and wooded areas, dotted with monuments to a whole pantheon of Filipino heroes. It's an atmospheric place to take a stroll, particularly late afternoons, early evening and weekends. As the place where José Rizal was executed by the Spanish colonial authorities, it's of great historical significance. Here you'll find the Rizal Monument (fronted by a 46m flagpole and guarded by sentries in full regalia), which contains the hero’s mortal remains and stands as a symbol of Filipino nationhood.

Manila Cathedral

02237jfManila Cathedral Intramuros Manila Palacio del Gobernador Landmarksfvf 12

By Judgefloro [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

The year was 1521, as Ferdinand Magellan set foot in the Philippines, it mark the arrival of Catholicism in the Philippines. The Spanish colonization paved way for the spread of Christianity and the era of western church architecture in the Philippines. During the three centuries of colonization it produced grandly design churches; one of these is the Manila Cathedral.


Fort Santiago 

The Fort Santiago

By Badz Patanag [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

Guarding the entrance to the Pasig River you’ll find Intramuros' premier tourist attraction: Fort Santiago. Within the fort grounds are an oasis of lovely manicured gardens, plazas and fountains leading to its arched gate and pretty lily pond. Within is the beautifully presented Rizal Shrine museum, the building where Dr José Rizal – Philippines’ national hero – was incarcerated as he awaited execution in 1896. It contains various fascinating displays of Rizal memorabilia and a re-creation of his cell and the courtroom trial.


National Museum of Natural History

National Museum of Natural History (Manila) Facade - Front View

By RoyKabanlit [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

National Museum of Natural History is one of the three national museums in the Philippines. It showcases the natural flora and fauna of the Philippines as well as its rich natural history. The museum also has the replica of “Lolong” the longest crocodile held in captivity.